Indiana University Bloomington

School of Informatics and Computing

Technical Report TR530:
Adding a Path Connectedness Operator to FO + poly (linear)

Chris Giannella and Dirk Van Gucht
(Nov 1999), 31 pages
[Revised December, 2000]
Abstract:
In the constraint database community, FO+poly and FO+linear have been proposed as foundations for spatial database query languages. One of the strengths of this approach is that these languages are a clean and natural generalization of Codd's relational model to a spatial setting. As a result, rigorous mathematical study of their expressiveness and complexity can be carried out.

Along this line, important geometric queries involving connectivity have been shown to be inexpressible in FO+poly and FO+linear. To address this problem, we extend both languages with a parameterized path-connectivity predicate, Pconn. We show that: FO+linear+Pconn and FO+poly+Pconn-3D are closed and have PTIME data complexity. We also examine the expressiveness of FO+poly+Pconn and FO+linear+Pconn and show that parity and transitive closure are expressible in each.

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