Indiana University Bloomington

School of Informatics and Computing

Technical Report TR561:
Architectural Support for Database Visualization

Dennis Groth
(May 2002), 230 pages
[PhD Dissertation]
Abstract:
The rapid proliferation and growth of database management systems has resulted in the retention of massive amounts of information for data processing and analysis needs. Many data processing requirements can be satisfied through the use of traditional database languages, such as SQL. These languages retrieve and present query results in record-oriented tables. The table of records format is best for presenting every record, but it cannot give a feel for the overall character of the data set.

Database visualization differs from other types of information visualization due to the diverse nature of the data stored in the database. The attributes used to organize the presentation may not have a regular scale and, in fact, may not even have a semantically meaningful order. Data can be categorized based on whether it has inherent order or scale. For example, numeric data has both an order and a scale. In contrast, geographic data (latitude, longitude) can be easily scaled according to a well-defined metric, yet ordering is not as straightforward. This problem is further complicated by the frequent use of reference values in database systems, for which the order and scale are defined by an external application and cannot be inferred by the type of data.

This thesis presents a system architecture to address the problem of database visualization. The essential and unique component of this architecture is the mapping functionality, which adds order and/or scale to the data. A map may take into consideration the domain of the data as well as other information. The features of a particular map can be programmed to support a wide variety of visualizations. Naturally, the architecture supports the addition of new maps in a modular fashion. In addition, the architecture contains the following more conventional components: query specification, database storage, filtering, plotting and image display.

In addition to the development of the architecture, we propose to analyze the usability of the database visualization system by conducting an in-depth usability evaluation. The evaluation will be structured to measure the effectiveness and efficiency of users solving realistic problems using the mapping language.

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